Maatschappelijke Diensttijd

13 maart 2019

Joel (/ˈdʒoʊəl/; Hebrew: יוֹאֵל‎ Yōw’êl; Syriac: ܝܘܐܝܠ‎ Yu’il) was a prophet of ancient Israel, the second of the twelve minor prophets and the author of the Book of Joel. He is mentioned by name only once in the Hebrew Bible, in the introduction to his own brief book, as the son of Pethuel (Joel 1:1). The name Joel combines the covenant name of God, YHWH (or Yahweh), and El (god), and has been translated as “one to whom YHWH is God,” that is, a worshiper of YHWH.[1]

He is believed to have lived in the 9th century BCE, but the dating of his book is still debated. The book’s mention of Greeks [2] has not given scholars any help in dating the text since the Greeks were known to have had access to Judah from Mycenaean times (c. 1600–1100 BC).[3] However, the book’s mention of Judah’s suffering [4] and to the standing temple [5] have led some scholars to place the date of the book in the post-exilic period, after the construction of the Second Temple.[citation needed] Joel was originally from Judah/Judea, and, judging from its prominence in his prophecy, was quite possibly a prophet associated with the ritual of Solomon’s or even the Second temple.[6]